A delegation from Athens was also invited. The Athenian fleet, the most dominant in Greece, went on the offensive, winning a victory at Naupactus.
Why Did The War Happen?
Urged on by the demagogue Cleonthe Athenians voted to massacre the men of Mytilene and enslave everyone else, but they relented the next day and killed only the leaders of the revolt. It lasted from BC to BC. By the end of the 5th century BC, it stood out as a state which had defeated the Athenian Empire and had invaded the Persian provinces in Anatolia, a period which marks the Spartan Hegemony.
In they tried to aid the island state of Lesbosa tributary of Athens that was planning to revolt. Unlike some of his predecessors the new Spartan general, Lysander, was not a member of the Spartan royal families and was also formidable in naval strategy; he was an artful diplomat, who had even cultivated good personal relationships with the Persian prince Cyrusthe son of Darius II.
It is believed that in Sparta, the elders tested a newborn baby for deformities and if the baby was deemed unlikely to become a strong soldier, he was tossed into a gorge. In BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens.
A brief treatment of the Peloponnesian War follows. They would rely solely on helots slaveswho would manage their farm and provide them with food supplies. Canyou believe that in BC a messanger was ordered to run thatdistance just to send reinforcments for a battle! After hearing the terms they suggested the Athenians return with better ones.
Strategy became prominent for the first time in Greek warfare, as the Athenians made mostly inconsequential probes in and around the Peloponnesus. Actually, the story about a man running from Marathon toAthens is not true. On the other hand, Athens did not have a very strong army, their expertise was in the navy.
The Athenians were thoroughly defeated. Finally, Sparta and Persia were given the right to make war on those who did not respect the terms of the treaty. The negotiator was Alcibiades, now persona non grata in Sparta because of his new mistress, the wife of King Agis, then away commanding the garrison at Deceleia.
The years of fighting that followed can be divided into two periods, separated by a truce of six years. The Delian League would be left in place. One of its leaders, Cleophonaddressed the assembly wearing his armor, drunk. A herald named Pheidippides was sent on the mile run to Sparta which he made in two days for reinforcements,but the story about him being ordered to run from Marathon toAthens is just a bastardization of several accounts, mostly fromlong after the war.
The Spartans won this war but could not exploit the benefits of their victory as they were too weak to re establish the state and the power they once had. Sparta began to fear that the Athenian troops might make common cause with the rebels. Athenian manpower was correspondingly drastically reduced and even foreign mercenaries refused to hire themselves out to a city riddled with plague.
Unlike Sparta, men were not forced to join the army, they had the freedom to do anything that they desired. Athens surrendered to Sparta in With its victory at Mantinea, Sparta pulled itself back from the brink of utter defeat, and re-established its hegemony throughout the Peloponnese.
The helots made the Spartan system possible, but now the post off Pylos began attracting helot runaways. A majority of the Spartan assembly voted against Athens thus effectively declaring war.Athens surrendered to Sparta in Thucydides’ Style and Themes In its chronologies and narrative, the “History of the Peloponnesian War” is a marvel of direct prose, as Thucydides combines multiple sources into a single compelling voice.
History >> Ancient Greece. The Peloponnesian War was fought between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta.
It lasted from BC to BC. Athens ended up losing the war, bringing an end to the golden age of Ancient Greece. War Between Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy.
Athens and Sparta, both powerful Greek city-states, had fought as allies in the Greco-Persian Wars between and B.C.
In the wake of the Persian retreat, however, Athens grew more powerful and tensions rose, escalating into nearly three decades of war. The Ancient Peloponnesian War Between Sparta & Athens Athens and Sparta were the two Greek superpowers during 5th century.
Due to the growing power of Athens, Spartan waged a war against it that was called Peloponnesian War. When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece.
Sparta's supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in BC.  It was never able to regain its military supremacy  and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in .Download